Town History of New Ipswich

By Pauline Carrington Bouvé.

Photo    Journeying from the seaboard towards the Connecticut River, upon or near the line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, three isolated mountain peaks form conspicuous landmarks to the traveller--Watatic, Monadnock and Wachusett. About halfway between the two latter lies the little village of New Ipswich, whose records make an interesting page of New England history.
   In the year 1621 King James granted to one John Mason a tract of land that lay between the Piscataqua and Naumkeag (i.e., between Portsmouth and Salem), and extended about sixty miles into the interior. Two years later Mason and those associated with him took possession of this grant; and this was the germ of the Province of New Hampshire. Mason died soon after, and his death was followed by the revolution in England. The claim, during this period was neglected, and it was not until after the Restoration that it was revived. In 1745 it was decided that John Tufton Mason, a native of Boston and a great-grandson of Mason, the original grantee, held rightful title to the Province of New Hampshire.
   As the settlement of the province progressed, the frequent attacks of the Indians obliged the settlers to seek aid and protection from their neighbors of the older and strong Province of Massachusetts. As the southern portion of the Mason territory was claimed by both provinces, Massachusetts, as a matter of policy and a means of fortifying her claims, promptly gave assistance to New Hampshire, securing thereby the adherence of those whom she protected. Some years later the older province began to apportion out vacant or province lands. To the descendants of the soldiers of King Philip's war the General Assembly of Massachusetts gave the "Narragansett Townships;" to the descendants of those who followed Sir William Phipps into Canada were apportioned the "Canada Townships." These grants were made at the session of the General Court Portrait of Reverend Jesse Appleton.' of Massachusetts in the years 1735-6, so that the town of New Ipswich refers to the initial measure of its settlement to this day. That the town of New Ipswich in New Hampshire was named after the town of Ipswich in Massachusetts, to sixty citizens of which latter town the grant, was made the following petition, discovered among the Ipswich records, clearly proves:

   "To his Excellency Francis Bernard, Esqr., and to the Honorable his Majesty's Council and to the Honorable House of Representatives in General Court assembled May, 1767. The Petition of Sundry persons Grantees of the Town of New Ipswich, lately so called, and the Legal Representatives of the Grantees of Sd Town. Humbly Sheweth That the Great and General Court or Assembly of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, did, in the month of Jan. Anno Domini 1735, grant unto sixty of the Inhabitants of the Town of Ipswich a Township of the contents of six miles square which was called New Ipswich; that afterwards the said Township fell within the province of New Hampshire; That your Petitioners after having been at a very great and long continued Expence, lost their several rights in said Township, and became Very great Sufferers, they having built a Meeting House, a saw mill, Bridges, &c., besides Expending a great deal on their Several rights; wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray that your Excellency and Honours would be pleased to take the premises into your consideration and grant unto them an Equivalent in some of the ungranted lands of this Province, or make them such other compensation as to your wisdom shall seem meet."
   Among other signatures to this petition are the names of Isaac Appleton, Samuel Wigglesworth, Nathaniel Rogers and several other men of prominence. The origin of the name Ipswich is a matter of dispute. Some antiquarians believe it to be derived from Eba, a Saxon queen, who lived in the old English town of that name,--wich being of course the Saxon word meaning place or home. Thus Ebaswich was gradually corrupted, they say, into Ipswich. Others claim that the name is derived from the river Gippen, Ipswich being evolved from Gippswich, the place of the Gippen or winding river. however this may be, certainly there is no doubt but that the name of the town comes down from a remote period of Saxon sovereignty in the British Islands.
   In the year 1762, September 9, George the Third, by and Act of Incorporation, declared the township of Ipswich incorporated, with all the rights thereof, "Always reserving to us, our heirs and successors, all White Pine Trees that are or shall be found growing on the said tract of Land fit for the use of Our Navy." Some years later a second act of incorporation was granted in the same terms as the first, with these two exceptions, that the town is by royal assent called New Ipswich, and the term of duration is unlimited. Abijah Foster, the pioneer settler of New Ipswich, came from Ipswich in Massachusetts, and took up his abode here in 1738. His wife and infant daughter were with him; and his son, Ebenezer, was the first male white child born in the isolated hamlet. There were a sturdy courage and persistence in these pioneer settlers that arouse a thrill of admiration and respect, when one remembers the loneliness, the hardships and the dangers that were so bravely and cheerfully borne by them. Indeed, this respect is instinctive, for there is always some village antiquarian in our colonial towns who is eager to show the oldest house, the oldest tombstone, or the oldest inhabitant of his birthplace, and to rehearse old legends. In New Ipswich there is a very marked interest in this line of research, fostered, perhaps, by the fact that such a number of men of much more than local repute have gone forth into the world beyond the New Hampshire hills from the quiet little town.
   Just in the rear of the present bank building the visitor is shown the site of Foster's log cabin, in which Ebenezer was born, and from which both Abijah and Ebenezer went forth to join the ranks that fought in the old French war. It is a matter of some pride to the villagers that Ebenezer, the first citizen by birth, died in the service at Crown Point in 1759.
Drawing - 'New Ipswich (Appleton) Academy'    Benjamin Hoar and Moses Tucker followed Foster; and it was Moses Tucker who in after years remained when the rest of the inhabitants fled before a threatened attack from the Indians. In spite of his neighbors' entreaties, and finally their disgust and ridicule, the valiant Moses fortified himself in his cabin and stayed at home. For some reason the Indians changed their plan of action; and Captain Tucker, as he was called, had the laugh on his side when his neighbors came back.
   The picturesque beauty of the quaint little town, with the hills for a background, and the Souhegan River running like a silver ribbon through the valley, is very grateful to the senses of the city visitor who chances to seek rest and refreshment in this old colonial town, teeming with memories of "good Portrait of Samuel Appleton men just and true."
   The puritanic influence was strong here a half century ago; and in 1843, there was a split in the church caused by a disagreement among the clergy and elders as to the use of fermented wine in the communion. Looking back, it seems strange that a congregation of rational men and women should have lost their heads over such a non-essential point; yet it is significant of the almost morbid conscientiousness of that period, and stands out as a witness of the very earnest religious feeling of that generation of New Ipswich Christians. It is not remarkable that a locality in which such a strong religious element existed should have sent out twenty-six ministers of the gospel, some of whom gained wide reputation.
   The "old meeting-house" was built on the land owned by the Rev. Stephen Farrar, and was destroyed by fire. It was not so common in the early part of the century to use the term "minister"; the word "parson" expressed the ecclesiastic distinction. Parson Farrar, besides being the first Portrait of Timothy Farrar incumbent of the Congregational church, enjoyed the happy distinction--for it was a distinction in those days--of receiving his salary in money. In the musty town records one may read that he was paid annually "40 pounds sterling, together with 40 cords of fire wood," which is suggestive of the very simple needs of that generation. Notwithstanding the quiet simplicity of his way of living, Parson Farrar held as strong an influence over his parishioners as that wielded by any prelate in the pomp of ecclesiastic authority and office. Two of his church members were discussing theology one day.
   "What are your views on the doctrine of infant damnation?" inquired one.
   "I believe the same as Parson Farrar," was the reply.
   "Well, what does he believe?"Drawing - 'The Desk of 'Parson' Farrar'
   "I don't know," was the rejoinder. "You ask him about it."
   Judge Timothy Farrar, brother of Parson Farrar, was also a citizen who added lustre to the fame of his native town. Judge Farrar was a partner of Daniel Webster in the city of Portsmouth, and was for forty years judge in the supreme and common pleas courts of New Hampshire.
   When the Constitution of the United States, which by the terms of the instrument was not to go into effect until nine of the original thirteen states should ratify it, was adopted by the last of the nine states, Rhode Island, the governor of New York sent out a messenger to bear the tidings. The governor's envoy reached New Ipswich on Sunday, June 22, 1790. One can imagine the flutter of excitement that ran through the congregation that Sabbath morning as the elders and deacons and righteous folk sat decorously worshipping and doing their best to follow the parson's discourse in spite of the hum of the bees and the scent of the clover that came in through the open windows, when a horseman dashed up and drew rein at the meeting-house door. How the pious dames must have lost their places in their hymn books and the deacons craned their necks toward the doorway at this unusual happening! How the good Parson Stephen brought his sermon to an unpremeditated close when he had only reached the ninth head of the Drawing 'In the Old Burying Ground' (Moses Tucker's headstone) discourse, in order to learn the meaning of the stranger's advent! Straight up to the judge's pew strode the traveller and whispered: "Your Honor's pardon for this unseemly coming into the Lord's house in such fashion; but the governor of New York bade me find you and announce that the Constitution is ratified, saying: 'Go, stop at New Ipswich and tell Judge Farrar the good news.'" Then, mounting his steed, the envoy clattered off down the dusty highroad. One can imagine the joy of the stately old patriot, who had fought so valiantly for the ratification of the Constitution! The Farrars were of a hale and sturdy race and lived to see many changes in their native town. At the remarkable age of 102 years the judge received a degree from Harvard. The news of this honor reached the old gentleman at night. "Ah," he remarked with quaint humor, "they have stuck a feather in my nightcap!"
   The visitor to New Ipswich will do well to visit the old Farrar mansion, which stands not far from the "little church on the windy hill," where the parson preached and the judge prayed. The house is a Photo 'Cupboard in the Farrar House'. very interesting specimen of colonial country architecture. Its quaint carved cupboards, its crossbeamed ceilings and ancient mouldings are of beautiful workmanship and unique design. One feels a strong desire to poke about in search of secret hiding places in the nooks and corners of the old house.
   Not less beloved than Parson Farrar as a faithful pastor and loyal friend was the Rev. Samuel Lee, who was a Yale graduate and a writer of theological books. Mr. Lee, who was a native of Connecticut, was left fatherless in infancy. As his mother was in poor circumstances she decided to apprentice the boy, when he should be old enough, to learn the shoemaker's trade; but a very different fate was awaiting him. When quite a young boy he was stricken with some hip disease and his life was despaired of for some time. One day an aged clergyman came to see the boy. During this visit the old many knelt down by the bedside and prayed fervently that the sick child might recover and become a minister of the gospel. These words were the first inspiration to that calling which Samuel Lee followed in after years. Though lamed for life, he recovered, and the minister's prayer was granted. Samuel Lee became a pupil of "Peter Parley" and was in his youth a school teacher, receiving seven dollars a month for salary, and going about on crutches from one farmhouse to another to "board out" the rest of his Photos 'Old French Wallpaper in the Appleton House'. stipend. He left two well-know theological works, his "Eschatology," which is a text-book in the New Haven Divinity School, and "The Bible Regained," dedicated to his "beloved and only daughter, Sarah Fiske Lee," herself a genealogist of considerable note. Miss Lee has inherited much of her father's taste for antiquarian research and curio collecting. At the old parsonage or Lee house, the writer was shown a volume which would have set the heart of a bibliomaniac thumping with desire. This precious tome is a huge Bible, the ancient and yellowed title-page of which bears this legend:
"Enpriented at London in Flete
Strete--At the Signe of the Sunne
by Edwarde G. Hitchwiche the
Last Daie of Ianuarie
Anno Domine
   From the date this must have been one of the Bibles which by the royal decree of Edward the Drawing 'The Fortune Teller'. Sixth was ordered to be chained to the reading desks in the churches in England. Unfortunately, a previous owner had had new covers made for the antique volume, so the traces of the chain by which it had been bound were not visible.
   To the ranks of workers in the arts and sciences this small inland town has contributed more than her quota. Nathaniel Duren Gould, the pioneer of singing schools, began this work in New Ipswich. He taught sixty thousand children all over New England during his career, and exerted a decided influence in favor of temperance and religion at a time when professional musicians were almost invariable tipplers and scoffers. Augustus Gould, his son, was a man of scientific tastes. He became a co-laborer with Agassiz, and was admitted to fellowship in the American Academy of Arts and Drawing 'The Barrett Mansion'. Sciences, and was also a member of the American Philosophical Society. Jonas Chickering, too, whose name is known to-day all over the world, was born in New Ipswich, where as a boy of nineteen he undertook to tune the first and only piano in the village. Prompted by curiosity and a keen interest in musical instruments, Jonas took this piano, which had grown quite useless for want of repairs, entirely to pieces, and after infinite labor and many qualms of fear on the part of the owner, no doubt, succeeded in restoring it to its pristine tone. This effort was perhaps the mainspring of his ambition to become a piano maker. At all events he soon after came to Boston, and on the day of his arrival secured employment in Osborne's piano factory, at that time the sole one in Boston.
   In reviewing the names of a long list of professional men who received their early intellectual training in New Ipswich, it is impossible not to recognize the very strong influence that the New Ipswich or Appleton Academy has exerted upon the community. After the close of the Revolutionary War the natives of New Ipswich began to consider the urgent necessity for an educational institution in their midst. The Farrars, Champneys, Prestons, Barretts, Appletons and Kidders had young sons growing up, who were now ready for school; and these and some other gentlemen of the town entered into a compact to maintain and support a school for the space of five years from the date of agreement, which was September 12, 1787. Two years later, 1789, a charter of incorporation was obtained, by which was "established in the town of New Ipswich in the county of Hillsborough, an academy by the name of the New Ispwich Academy, for the purpose of promoting piety and virtue and for the education of youth in the English, Latin and Greek languages, in Writing, Arithmetic, Music and the Art of Speaking, practical Geometry, Logic, Geography," etc. Photo 'An Ancient Dame'. This was the second academy incorporated in New Hampshire, Phillips Academy in Exeter having been established and incorporated five years earlier, in 1784. There was a stipulated union between the New Ipswich Academy and Dartmouth College, the Academy students having certain privileges at Dartmouth.1
   When, later on, the Academy was in want of pecuniary aid, it was through the generosity of Mr. Samuel Appleton that the institution received not only substantial assistance, but a new impetus and vitality. Indeed the Academy is inseparably connected with the name of Appleton, for various members of the family made valuable donations during the early period of its existence. It was Mr. Samuel Appleton who presented globes, philosophical apparatus and a hundred well-bound volumes for the nucleus of a library, when the institution was weak and struggling; while his brother, Isaac Appleton, donated a large and curious folio on genealogy; and Mrs. Dolly Everett, a sister, gave a fine bell to the building in 1831.
   The Appleton family was one of the most influential in Hillsborough county, and came from a long and aristocratic line of English ancestry. The descendants of Deacon Isaac Appleton and his wife, Mary, have married into some of the most distinguished families of New England. One granddaughter became the wife of the poet Longfellow, while another (both daughters of Nathan Appleton) married James Mackintosh, son of Sir James Mackintosh, who was governor of one of the British West India islands.
   One of the most interesting features of New Ipswich is the Appleton mansion, in one or two rooms of which the old French wall paper is still intact. The design of this paper is quaint and Photo 'Fireplace in the Parker House'. beautiful, representing scenes on the Seine. The bright green trees reach from floor to ceiling, and the little boats, filled with gay Parisians, seem just ready to glide down the river. This colonial home of the Appletons is used to-day as a sort of hotel, and it is an odd chance that has preserved the quaint French wall paper through the changing vicissitudes of time and conditions.
   The village photographer, "Lonny" Willard, possesses great skill in his art, and the illustrations taken from his photographs for this sketch are excellent specimens of photographic art. "Lonny" is Photo 'The Village Photographer'. one of the characters of the village. He combines several branches of art and trade in his avocations. In response to some questions in regard to his way of life, he confided to the writer that he was a man of varied pursuits. "I've got four businesses," he remarked one day while taking a snap-shot, "farming, house painting, photography and chicken raisin'; but chickens is the most profitable."
   Conscientiousness of the sort Miss Jewett depicts in her inimitable stories of New England country life is a large factor in the New England character; and this trait flourishes best in localities where life is simple and natural, and where people have time to think about the great simple questions of right and wrong. The rustic mind may not always know how to deal with certain intricacies of reasoning, but it lays hold very strongly of certain simple principles of justice, morality and everlasting truth. Sometimes there is in a community of this sort a strain of superstition. An extract from a letter to Miss Lee from an aged gentleman, now residing in the West, who remembers the traditions of his early home, illustrates this point. The old gentleman writes:

   "The story has been told me that some of the young bloods of New Ipswich, four-score years ago, met on a Saturday evening in a schoolhouse for the purpose of card playing. The shutters were closed, the tallow candles lighted, and the young men commenced their deals. Their work went pleasantly till the candle had nearly burned down. One of the party suggested that it was time to close the game so as not to trespass on holy time. Another suggested that the candle would soon burn down and that they would quit; and so, regardless of the flight of time, they kept on playing. The candle continued to burn. Finally they heard carriages passing by. The shutters were opened, and to the astonishment of all, the sun was high in the heavens. Horror seized the young men. They were convinced that the Evil One had kept the candle burning and that they had been lured on to commit the almost unpardonable sin of breaking the Sabbath! This terrible desecration of holy time," continues Miss Lee's correspondent naively, "put an end to card playing during that and future generations of New Ipswich residents."
   From the magnificent carved pulpit in the old Congregational church, which was a gift from Mr. Samuel Appleton, a broader religion is preached to-day. But the atmosphere of other days and Photo 'The Old Congregational Church'. other associations clings to the place. Here the Reverend Jesse Appleton, president of Bowdoin College, sat with his beautiful ascetic young face turned upward in prayerful thought to hear the parson's exhortations; here the Champneys, Prestons, Halls, Barrs, Hartwells, Farrars, and all the pious folk of New Ipswich gathered to hear the Word; and the spot is redolent of the past.
   Turning from it, one walks down through the little town and is confronted by evidences of a newer element. The New Ipswich public library, though perhaps a reflection and result of the old intellectual activity of the place, is essentially modern, and is exerting a wide and beneficent influence throughout the vicinity. Though very much of the money for its erection and establishment was earned, a good deal has been generously given by some of the Photo 'The Reading Room in the Public Library'. residents. It contains three thousand volumes, a piano, busts of some of our famous authors and many tasteful appointments. Altogether it is an ideal village library, in appearance, management and influence.
   An interesting feature of the New Ipswich of the present is an admirable charity established there by the Rev. George Jarvis Prescott, rector of the Church of the Good Shepherd in Portrait 'Rev. George J. Prescott'. Boston. This institution is "The Homestead Inn," where wearied-out shop girls, and indeed women laborers of all sorts and conditions can get food, lodging, fresh air and restful quiet, for the small sum of three dollars a week. It many cases even this amount is remitted, if it is beyond the means of the applicant. Mr. Prescott conceived the idea of establishing this boarding-house, where plain, wholesome foot and comfortable lodging could be offered to the army of pale faced, worn-out shop girls at a nominal cost. Several ladies of Boston lent their assistance; and about five years ago the "Homestead Inn" became a fact accomplished in New Ipswich. A long, rambling, wood house was purchased, a dormitory built, with little partitions dividing the tiny sleeping apartments, and as many comforts added as the scant amount of money in hand would allow. From the start the institution was successful. Shop girls, dressmakers' apprentices, typewriters, seamstresses, housemaids, cooks and washerwomen found a peaceful refuge at the "Inn." Sometimes women broken in health and spirit, who could not leave home because of children, were taken with their families, though the Photo 'The Homestead Inn'. place is particularly for unmarried women. The delicious soft inland air, the scent of pine cones, the generous supply of fresh milk and the abundant, substantial food, soon bring back the color to faded cheeks and dim eyes, and it is common to see bright, refreshed women go back to their work in the city after a two weeks' sojourn at the "Homestead." Sister Katherine, the sister in charge of St. Monica's Home in Boston, goes to the "Inn" in the summer while St. Monica's is closed, and much of the success of the institution is due to her wise management and gentle care. When the curfew rings at sunset and the nine o'clock bell tells that it is bedtime, as it has done for a Photo 'The Girls' Sitting Room in the Homestead Inn'. hundred years, the cowled sisters at the "Homestead" say that the bells ring their vespers and nones for them; so ancient puritanism and modern ritual touch, even if they do not mingle, in old New Ipswich.
   Next to the "Inn" stands the large old-fashioned mansion belonging to the Barrs and known as "The Willows." A little brook wanders through the lawn and off to the meadows beyond, while a colossal willow tree, among whose wide branches, as big as trunks of ordinary trees, are built the most charming of rustic seats--enough to hold forty people comfortably. This tree is said to be the largest willow in New Hampshire, possibly New England. The old house Photo 'A Veteran Willow'. belongs to the colonial period, dating back to 1768, and has the capacious fireplaces and cosy corners that make houses of that generation so full of delightful surprises. James Barr, a Scotch gentleman, who, while travelling in the American colonies, was caught here when war was declared against Great Britain, fell in love with a bright-eyed New Hampshire maiden and never went back to his Highland home. His son, Dr. James Barr, was a prominent physician in New Ipswich. His sturdy character and genial wit endeared him to all of the Hillsborough folk for miles around. Miss Ellen M. Barr, whose school for girls in Boston for ten years was recognized as one of the best schools ever conducted in Boston, was a native of New Ipswich, the daughter of Dr. James Barr. Portrait 'Sister Katherine'. She was born in 1840, and died in 1895. She came to her work in Boston after a successful career as a teacher in the High School in the town of Medford, Massachusetts. Few teachers in New England have had the confidence and admiration of a larger circle of friends. A grandson of Dr. Barr, James Barr Ames, is now dean of the Harvard Law School.
   Among the honorable professions that of medicine had many followers in the little town; and the names of Dr. Gibson, Dr. Preston and Dr. Barr will for generations too come be held in affectionate memory.
   The visitor who is fortunate enough to drive about the country with an intelligent guide will find many interesting spots. Whittemore Hill is indelibly associated with the pathetic history of Sally Whittemore, the New Ipswich witch, whose own father believed in her guilt and refused to allow her Christian burial. Poor little maid, how she must have suffered to find herself shunned and feared by her own flesh and blood!
   Early in the century a Baptist church was founded in New Ipswich, and Methodism, Unitarianism and Universalism have all contributed their chapters to the ecclesiastical history of the town. A hundred years ago there were a number of Shakers in the south part of the town, but most of them removed after a little while to Harvard, Massachusetts. The Miller delusion found its adherents here, as in so many other New England towns, and at one time five thousand persons gathered at the meetings. In fact, there have been few religious, social or political movements which have not somehow found their representatives in this old town. It is most interesting to read about them all in the history of New Ipswich which one finds in the library, a history published now almost half a century ago. In the introduction to this history, which has been of so great service to the writer, we read that:
   "In the summer of 1849 one of the authors (Frederic Kidder) visited his native town, to repair the tombstones of his ancestors and collect such materials as he might towards a family history. In wandering over the 'old burying-ground' he was struck with the number of the great and good resting there, whose names and deeds were likely soon to be forgotten. On looking over the town records of the period of the Revolution he could not but admire the firm and bold resolves of the citizens, their clear views of republican principles and constitutional liberty, and their self-sacrificing patriotism. He desired that some one should chronicle the history of the town, before the loss of records or the death of the remaining few whose memory extended back to early times should render it too late. After unavailing efforts to prevail on some one to undertake the task, he concluded to attempt it himself."
   As one turns the pages of a book like this, one realizes anew how much of the real flavor of New England history and life is preserved in such local works. This history of New Ipswich is dedicated appropriately to Samuel Appleton. Two of its dozen and more chapters are devoted to the Revolution, and very vivid pictures they give us of those times that tried men's souls. Here is a graphic passage describing the things which immediately followed the Concord fight:
   "By preconcerted arrangements the Committees of Safety in the various towns spread the news in all directions; and so rapidly had messengers sped from town to town, that before nightfall not a place within a hundred miles but had heard the news, and in many instances with almost every kind of exaggeration. The intelligence reached this town about two o'clock in the afternoon; the Committee of Safety immediately assembled on the common and fired three guns in quick succession, the signal that had been agreed on in case of a sudden alarm. The people rapidly assembled, and in less than two hours a great proportion of the male population met on the little common in front of the meeting-house. After a short consultation with the oldest and most experienced, it was decided to prepare as many as possible and march for Concord. The town's stock of powder and lead was taken from the magazine, then situated on the beams of the meeting-house, and distributed to such as had not a supply, a careful account of it being taken by the selectmen. In the mean time the alarm was extending through the remote parts of the town, and some of the men who were at work in the woods or distant fields did not reach the usual training ground till sunset; and as provisions had to be collected, so much time was consumed that probably but few commenced their march before dark. Several parties proceeded as far as Captain Heald's, where they took a few hours' repose; and others spent most of the night in and near the middle of the town, but took up their march before daylight; and before the sun rose the next morning not less than a hundred and fifty men, the very bone and muscle of the town, were pressing forward, some on foot and some on horseback, towards Concord. Provisions were collected and forwarded in carts, under the direction of the Committee of Safety. Deacon Appleton, like Cincinnatus, had left his plough in the furrow at the moment of the alarm, and soon after mounted his horse and carried the news to Peterborough. The next morning a company from that patriotic town, with Captain Wilson in command, passed through New Ipswich, then nearly deserted by the men, the deacon hastening on with them, not even stopping to take leave of his family , though he passed near his own door."
   Then follow passages no less graphic, describing the part taken by New Ipswich men at Bunker Hill. Farther on we come by and by on the excitement which spread all through this New Hampshire country when Stark was gathering his men for Bennington; and here is a picture, given by one of the venerable men who memory ran back to the time, of the way the New Ipswich men looked as they began their march to Bennington:
   "To a man they wore smallclothes, coming down and fastening just below the shoes ornamented by large buckles, while not a pair of boots graced the company. The coats and waistcoats were loose and of huge dimensions, with colors as various as the barks of oak, sumach and other trees of our hills and swamps could make them, and their shirts were all made of flax, and like every other part of the dress, were homespun. On their heads was worn a large round top and broad-brimmed hat. Their arms were as various as their costume; here an old soldier carried a heavy Queen's Arm, with which he had done service at the conquest of Canada twenty years previous, while by his side walked a stripling boy, with a Spanish fuzee not half its weight or calibre, which his grandfather may have taken at the Havana, while not a few had old French pieces that dated back to the reduction of Louisburg. Instead of the cartridge box, a large powder horn was slung under the arm, and occasionally a bayonet might be seen bristling in the ranks. Some of the swords of the officers had been made by our Province blacksmiths, perhaps from some farming utensil; they looked serviceable, but heavy and uncouth. Such was the appearance of the Continentals, to whom a well-apopinted [sic] army was soon to lay down their arms. After a little exercising on the old common and performing the then popular exploit of 'whipping the snake,' they briskly filed off up the road, by the foot of the Kidder Mountain and through the Spafford Gap, towards Peterborough, to the tune of "Over the Hills and Far Away.'"
   In one of the chapters which follow we read that at the March meeting in 1801 the Rev. Mr. Farrar was requested to read Washington's Farewell Address from the pulpit on the next Sunday, and it Photo 'The Barr Mansion'. was voted "to establish it as a custom in future, to have it read the Sunday succeeding the twenty-second of February." The historian observes that it does not appear how long this custom was maintained.
   An interesting contribution to the history of New England's part in opening the great West is the record of how certain New Ipswich citizens led a colony out to Iowa, selecting a township now called Denmark in that new state, and rearing a church and school as the corner stones of their town. At the time of the centennial celebration in 1850 the citizens of this daughter town sent back a letter giving an interesting report of themselves up to date.
   The centennial celebration was one of the red letter days in the history of the old town. It would be interesting to quote many passages from the eloquent address of Dr. Augustus A. Gould, the Portrait' Miss Ellen M. Barr'. orator of the day. I must content myself, however, with quoting a single one:
"It is now somewhat more than one hundred years since our ancestors penetrated into the then wilderness and began to clear the region where we are now assembled; and we are met to celebrate that event. Some of us have made our habitation here since the day of our birth; and in quietude and simplicity, remote from the whirlwind of metropolitan bustle, have been content to live in comparative retirement and to move within a very limited sphere. Such have made a wise choice. Others of us, more restless and ambitious, have overleaped these mountain barriers in search of fame, fortune and happiness in wider fields and more exciting scenes. Some have tried the thronged city, with all its bustle, magnificence and wickedness; some have gone to the far West, attracted thither by golden visions, which in most instances proved but visions; some have crossed the ocean to the mother land and have witnessed the splendor of royalty and perhaps enjoyed the smiles of princes; they have visited the scenes which are famous in story, and viewed the treasures of nature and art which have required centuries for their accumulation; and some may have even encompassed the globe itself. But, during our wanderings, has not this valley of our birth, encompassed by hills which shut out the prospect beyond, reminded us of the valley of Rasselas--'the happy valley,' in which all the sources of true happiness were concentrated? and though, like Rasselas, we may have contrived to escape from it, and have looked for happiness and contentment in the distinctions which wealth and station and learning and success confer, have we not, like him, found sorrow and disappointment and discontent everywhere? In behalf of all these rovers I will venture to speak, and to say that no Alps have ever appeared to them so formidable as did once the mountains around us; no river has caused us to forget Souhegan; no embosomed Swiss or Scottish lakes have seemed more lovely than Pratt's Pond; no lofty and crumbling cathedral has impressed upon us such reverential awe as the old meeting-house on the hill; no institution of learning has excelled the old district school, where the twig was first bent, and felt too; no festival ever surpassed in extravagance and in relish the old Thanksgiving dinner; no happiness has been found, far or near, to be compared with that at the old country fireside."
   Such are some of the interesting things of which one likes to read in the books, as one spends summer days in the historic town, and of which one likes to think, as one walks up and down the village street at morning or at night.
   As the lingering sunbeams fade from the brow of the distant hills, the evening winds waft the sound of a church bell through the quiet valley, and the initiate tells the stranger that this is the curfew, Photo 'The Fireplace in the Barr Mansion'. which rings now as it did a hundred years ago. At nine o'clock at night the same sound breaks the stillness, for this is a remnant of the English custom of ringing the proper bedtime hour when thrifty housewives cover the fire with ashes and prepare for slumber. There are few New England villages where the bells have a sweeter sound or where one would seem to have right and title to a sweeter sleep than in this quaint village of old New Ispwich.
1Much information was given the writer of this sketch by Mr. William A. Preston, the present president of Appleton Academy, whose family has been for generations officially connected with the institution.

SOURCE: The New England magazine, New Series, Vol. 22, Issue 1; Pub. New England Magazine Co., Mar 1900, Boston 810 pages
Retyped and reformatted by Kathy Leigh, April 23, 2001
New Ipswich
Hillsborough County
ALHN-New Hampshire
Created April 23, 2001
Copyright 2001